Taken from the Alberta Hansard for Monday, May 29, 2017.
Bill 206 – Child, Youth and Family Enhancement (Adoption Advertising) Amendment Act, 2017 (Second Reading)
Dr. Swann: Thanks very much, Mr. Speaker. An important bill to be sure, Bill 206, the Child, Youth and Family Enhancement (Adoption Advertising) Amendment Act, 2017. I appreciate all of the comments of those in the House who have had personal experience with it. While I have not had personal experience in that sense, I certainly, through my two daughters, have had two international adoptions, one from east Africa, Uganda, which I participated in very actively, and the other through my other daughter, who adopted two from Haiti: certainly, lengthy processes and challenging to deal with the other governments on these issues.
I think, like others who have spoken, that there’s a tremendous need for more openness and access not only for the birth parents to feel like they can connect with the adoptive parents but also for the adoptive parents to be able to be more public about their desire to connect with the birth parents. This bill proposes to amend the act to allow licensed adoption agencies in Alberta to publicize the profiles of prospective adoptive parents, bringing Alberta in line with B.C., Ontario, and the Yukon.
Presently Alberta couples seeking open adoptions are not allowed to create public profiles of themselves on websites such as canadaadopts.com. Conversely, profiles of children that are up for adoption are featured on television and Alberta human services’ website, leading critics to charge that there is an inconsistency in the law. I think that’s part of what this worthy bill is trying to amend. I won’t take a long time to comment on it, but under the Child, Youth and Family Enhancement Act there is an incon-sistency that needs to be addressed. There’s really no reason why prospective adoptive parents should not be permitted to advertise online as long as proper safeguards are in place.
In this context, I guess, my daughter has advised me – and she’s head of Christian Adoption in Canada – that without going through an agency, there is a risk of misrepresentation of adoptive parents, a need to ensure that they not have access directly to the birth parents. A lot of birth parents considering putting a child up for adoption are doing their research and communications online today – and that’s fine; it makes sense – but without a home visit and without proper counselling for the birth parent, it’s really open to abuse. Those are the concerns, I’m sure, that we are all wanting to see addressed. There’s a reason why there are so many regulations and oversights, and there’s a reason why birth parents get counselling to be clear on the full implications of what they’re doing, the emotional as well as the legal implications of what they’re doing. It behooves us to do this carefully, to make sure that we are protecting the interests, particularly, of the child and the birth parents.
I mentioned counselling for the birth parent or parents to make sure they’re clear and have some ability to go through a grieving process in a mature and responsible way, ensuring that there’s no money or other incentives being exchanged for the placement of a child, ensuring that a proper home study is done so that the adoptive parents are found to be legitimate, capable, that the setting is appropriate and healthy, and that, by all means, information is shared through a reputable agency. The birth parent then can work through the agency to get the full contact information. I guess the concern is that there need to be appropriate checks and balances, and I think we’ll be dealing with those perhaps and some suggested amendments, then, as we get through to other stages of the bill.
Thank you very much, Mr. Speaker.